region in S Italy, on the Tyrrhenian Sea: 5,249 sq mi (13,595 sq km); chief city, Naples
Origin of CampaniaL, literally , plain: see campaign
A region of southern Italy on the Tyrrhenian Sea. Inhabited in ancient times by Italic tribes, Greek colonists, Etruscans, and Samnites, it was conquered by Rome in the fourth century BC. Campania joined Italy in 1861 as part of the kingdom of Naples.
- A region of southern Italy.