Origin: Middle English calender, from Old French calendier, from Late Latin kalendārium, from Latin, account book, from kalendae, calends (from the fact that monthly interest was due on the calends); see kelə-2 in Indo-European roots.
Three Principal Calendars
The Gregorian calendar is now in use as the civil calendar throughout most of the world. The Jewish calendar is the official calendar of the Jewish religious community. The Islamic calendar is the official calendar in many Muslim countries. Each calendar listed below begins with the first month of the year and includes the number of days each month contains. Many months have a variable number of days, as described below.
a flgure-of-eight-shaped scale, for showing the declination of the sun and the equation of time for every day of the year. —analemmatic,adj.bissextus
the twenty-ninth day of February, added to the calendar every four years, except in centenary years evenly divisible by 400, to compensate for the discrepancy between the arbitrary 365-day calendar year and the actual time of the solar year. —bissextile,adj.calendographerRare. a person who makes calendars.
embolism1. an intercalation of a day or days in the calendar to correct error.
2. the day or days intercalated. —embolic, embolismic, embolismical,adj.heortology
the study of the origin, growth, meaning, and history of Christian religious feasts. —heortological,adj.indiction
in the Roman Empire, the cyclical, fifteen-year fiscal period, used for dating ordinary events. Also called cycle of indiction. —indictional. adj.intercalary
inserted into the calendar, as the twenty-ninth day of February in a leap year. —intercalation,n. —intercalative,adj.lunation
the period of the moon’s synodic revolution, from the time of the new moon to the next new moon; one lunar month or approximately 29 1/2 days.
lustrum, luster, lustre
a period of five years.
menology1. a list or calendar of months.
2.Eastern Orthodoxy. a calendar of all festivals for martyrs and saints, with brief accounts of their lives. Also Menologion.2. a church calendar, listing festivals for saints.
the practice of eliminating the bissextile day every 134 years to adjust the date of the new moon. Cf. proemptosis.neomenia1. the time of the new moon or the beginning of the month.
2. a heathen festival at the time of the new moon.
the adding of a day every 300 and again every 2400 years to adjust the date of the new moon. Cf. metemptosis.
A list of the civil and
criminal cases scheduled on a particular day, week, or other time period for
trial or some other hearing (such as an arraignment, sentencing, or the hearing
of arguments concerning pretrial motions) to be conducted before a judge.