"butane." YourDictionary, n.d. Web. 11 October 2018. <http://www.yourdictionary.com/butane>.
butane. (n.d.). Retrieved October 11th, 2018, from http://www.yourdictionary.com/butane
Either of two isomers of a gaseous hydrocarbon, C4H10, produced synthetically from petroleum and used as a household fuel, refrigerant, and aerosol propellant and in the manufacture of synthetic rubber.
IUPAC nomenclature, from but- (“four carbon prefix”) + -ane (“alkane suffix”), the former is derived from the same stem as the foul-smelling carboxylic acid liberated in rancidbutter, "butyric acid", hence cognate with butter.
English Wiktionary. Available under CC-BY-SA license.
Butane, C 4 H 1 o, exists in the two isomeric forms - normal butane, CH 3 ï¿½CH 2 ï¿½CH 2 ï¿½CH 3, and iso-butane, CH(CH 3) 3.
Cyclo-propane, -butane, -pentane, -hexane.
The a-acid is diphenyl-2.4-cyclo-butane dicarboxylic acid -1.3; and the /3-acid diphenyl-3.4-cyclo-butane dicarboxylic acid -1.2.
From n-butane we may derive, by a similar substitution of methyl groups, the two hydrocarbons: (I) CH 3 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 3, and (2) CH 3.
Soc., 1888, 53, p. 1 94): C2H4Br2+2NaCH(C02R)2--->(CH 2) 2 C(CO 2 R) 2 +CH 2 (CO 2 R) 2; ethyl butane tetracarboxylate is also formed which may be converted into a tetramethylene carboxylic ester by the action of bromine on its disodium derivative (W.