There are also large breweries, and the Hop Exchange is a centre of the hop trade.
Like other towns in this populous region, it is an important manufacturing centre, having coal-mines, iron; wire, glass, chemical and oil works, breweries, &c.
The republic has 676 breweries and 140 malt-houses.
At first a trade was carried on in wine, colonial wares, alcoholic liquors and salt; there are now manufactures of earthenware, glass and crystal, arms, paper, woollens, tools, lead, copper and zinc work, as well as breweries, and tobacco and cigar factories, and a trade in corn and butter.
The city has also flour and woollen mills, breweries and ice factories.