- a member of a majority faction (Bolsheviki) of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party, which formed the Communist Party after seizing power in the 1917 Revolution
- a Communist, esp. of the Soviet Union
- loosely any radical: hostile usage
Origin of BolshevikRussian bol'ševik (1903) ; from bol'še, larger, comparative of bol'šoj, big, large
nounpl. Bol·she·viks or Bol·she·vi·ki
- a. A member of the left-wing majority group of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party that adopted Lenin's theses on party organization in 1903.b. A member of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party that seized power in that country in November 1917.c. A member of a Marxist-Leninist party or a supporter of one; a Communist.
- often bolshevik An extreme radical: a literary bolshevik. In all senses also called Bolshevist.
Origin of BolshevikRussian Bol'shevik, from bol'she, comparative of bol'sho&ibreve;, large; see bel- in Indo-European roots.
- Alternative form of Bolshevik.