(third-person singular simple present astands, present participle astanding, simple past and past participle astood)
From Middle English astandan, from Old English āstandan (“to stand up, stand forth, rise up, rise, continue, endure”), from Proto-Germanic *uzstandaną (“to rise, stand up”), equivalent to a- + stand. Cognate with Middle Low German erstān (“rise, get up, secure”), German erstehen (“to purchase, secure”), Gothic [script?] (usstandan, “to rise, set out, be resurrected”). In some senses, prefix a- appears to represent and- (compare Middle English anstanden (“to resist”)), at-, on-.