a European annual (Eruca vesicaria sativa) of the crucifer family, sometimes cultivated as a pungent salad herb; rocket
Origin of arugulaItalian dialect, dialectal , diminutive from Provençal auruga, rocket, ultimately from Classical Latin eruca, kind of colewort
A Mediterranean plant (Eruca vesicaria subsp. sativa) of the mustard family, having flowers with purple-veined, yellowish-white petals and pungent, edible leaves. Also called rocket 2. Also called roquette .
Origin of arugulaFrom Italian dialectal (Basilicata) arucola or a kindred Italian dialectal source ultimately from Latin ērūca bitter cruciferous herb, arugula perhaps from ērūca, ū;rūca caterpillar ( arugula perhaps being so called from its hairy stems resembling caterpillars, or from the fact that cruciferous vegetables are often infested with caterpillars ) perhaps from ēr hedgehog (with reference to the hairs and spines of some caterpillars)
(plural arugulas or arugula)