- a thistlelike plant (Cynara scolymus) of the composite family
- its flower head, cooked as a vegetable
- Jerusalem artichoke
Origin of artichokeItalian dialect, dialectal articiocco ; from Old Spanish alcarchofa ; from Arabic al-?arshaf (var. kharsh?f)
- a. A Mediterranean thistlelike plant (Cynara scolymus) in the composite family, having pinnately divided leaves and large discoid heads of bluish flowers.b. The edible, immature flower head of this plant. Also called globe artichoke.
- The Jerusalem artichoke.
Origin of artichokeNorthern Italian dialectal articiocco, from Old Spanish alcarchofa, from Arabic al-&hlowbrev;aršuf : al-, the + &hlowbrev;urš&umacron;f, &hlowbrev;arš&umacron;f, artichoke (perhaps from Middle Persian *xar-č&omacron;b, literally, thorn-stick : xar, thorn; akin to Sanskrit khara-, rough, sharp + č&omacron;b, stick).