A country of southeast South America stretching about 3,700 km (2,300 mi) from its border with Bolivia to southern Tierra del Fuego. The region was sparsely populated by indigenous peoples before the Spanish founded settlements there in the early 1500s. In 1776 Spain established a viceroyalty in present-day Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia. Argentina achieved its independence from Spain in 1816. Buenos Aires is the capital and the largest city.x
- Ar′gen·tine′ Ar′gen·tin′e·an
- A country in South America, called officially The Argentine Republic. Capital: Buenos Aires.
From Latin argentum (“silver”) + the feminine of the adjectival suffix -īnus, in reference to the Río de la Plata.
- - The hydrography of Argentina is of the simplest character.
- Although having a great extent of coast-line, Argentina has but few really good harbours.
- The lakes of Argentina are exceptionally numerous, although comparatively few are large enough to merit a name on the ordinary general map.
- The flora of Argentina should be studied according to natural zones corresponding to the physical divisions of the country - the rich tropical and sub-tropical regions of the north, the treeless pampas of the centre, the desert steppes of the south, and the arid plateaus of the north-west.
- Of the exports, France, Argentina, Belgium and Germany take the bulk.