Origin of arachnidfrom Classical Greek arachn?, spider, akin to Classical Latin araneus
any of a large class (Arachnida) of chiefly terrestrial arthropods, including spiders, scorpions, mites, and ticks, typically with four pairs of legs, either lungs or tracheae, a liquid diet, no antennae, simple eyes, sensory pedipalps, and a body divided into cephalothorax and abdomen
Any of various arthropods of the class Arachnida, such as spiders, scorpions, mites, and ticks, characterized by four pairs of segmented legs and a body that is divided into two regions, the cephalothorax and the abdomen.
Origin of arachnidFrom New Latin Arachnida class name from Greek arakhnē spider
French arachnide (1809, Lamarck), from Ancient Greek ἀράχνη (arakhnē, “spider”).
- In recent times the term tarantula has been applied indiscriminately to many different kinds of large spiders in no way related to Lycosa tarantula; and to at least one Arachnid belonging to a distinct order.
- In Queensland one of the largest local spiders, known as Holconia immanis, a member of the family Clubionidae, bears the name tarantula; and in Egypt it was a common practice of the British soldiers to put together scorpions and tarantulas, the latter in this instance being specimens of the large and formidable desert-haunting Arachnid, Galeodes lucasii, a member of the order Solifugae.
- The bi-ramose structure of the post-oral limbs, demonstrated by Beecher in the trilobite Triarthrus, is no more inconsistent with its claim to be a primitive Arachnid than is the foliaceous modification of the limbs in Phyllopods inconsistent with their relationship to the Arthrostracous Crustaceans such as Gammarus and Oniscus.
- Idem, "Limulus an Arachnid," Q.
- The evidence of the exact equivalence of the segmentation and appendages of Limulus and Scorpio, and of a number of remarkable points of agreement in structure, was furnished by Ray Lankester in an article published in 1881 (" Limulus an Arachnid," Quart.