aorist[ā′ə rist, er′ist]
a past tense of Greek verbs, denoting an action without indicating whether completed, continued, or repeated
Origin of aoristClassical Greek aoristos, indefinite ; from a-, not + horistos, definable ; from horizein, to define ; from horos, a limit: see horizon
designating or in this tense
- A form of a verb in some languages, such as Classical Greek, that expresses action without indicating its completion or continuation.
- A form of a verb in some languages, such as Classical Greek or Sanskrit, that in the indicative mood expresses past action.
Origin of aoristFrom Greek aoristos, indefinite, aorist tense : a-, not; see a–1 + horistos, definable (from horizein, to define; see horizon).
- (grammar) A verb in the aorist past, that is, in the past tense and the aorist aspect (the event described by the verb viewed as a completed whole). Also called the perfective past. The nearest equivalent in English is the simple past. The term aorist is used particularly often for verbs in Ancient and Modern Greek.
- (grammar) Of or pertaining to a verb in the aorist aspect.
- the aorist stem of a verb
From Ancient Greek ἀόριστος (aoristos, “not done, not completed”).