Origin of agoraphobiaagora + -phobia
Origin of agoraphobiaGreek agorā marketplace ; see ger- in Indo-European roots. -phobia
Usage Note: The traditional pronunciation of agoraphobia places secondary stress on the first syllable (ăg′ər-ə-fō′bē-ə). During the latter part of the 20th century, a variant pronunciation (ə-gôr′ə-fō′bē-ə) with secondary stress on the second syllable became increasingly common even though at first it was met with criticism. In 2001, 66 percent of the Panel preferred the traditional pronunciation. A mere 13 years later, in 2014, that proportion had plummeted to 43 percent. The pronunciation variant has quickly gained acceptance, so much so that the new pronunciation was acceptable to more Panelists (73 percent) than was the traditional pronunciation (67 percent).
- The fear of wide open spaces, crowds, or uncontrolled social conditions.
From Latin agoraphobia, from Ancient Greek ἀγορά (agorá, “agora (gathering of people or place of gathering)”) + φόβος (phobos, “fear”).