nounpl. -·tu′re· or Eng. -·tu′ras
in keyboard music of the Baroque period, a short grace note sounded together with the principal note or chord, but quickly released
Origin of acciaccaturaItalian from acciaccare, to crush from accia, ax from Classical Latin ascia: see ax
An ornament note that is one half step or one whole step higher or lower than a principal note and is sounded at the same time as the principal note, adding dissonance to a harmony.
Origin of acciaccaturaItalian a crushing, acciaccatura from acciaccare to crush, weaken from acciacco ailment from Spanish achaque ailment, defect, excuse from achacar to blame from Arabic al-šakwa the complaint al- the šakwa complaint, grievance ( from šakā to complain, suffer )
left: C note without acciaccatura
bottom: C note with acciaccatura
(plural acciaccaturas or acciaccature)
- (music) A short grace note (theoretically taking no time at all), occurring on the beat occupied by the main note to which it is prefixed, one scale-step higher or lower than that main note. (Sometimes equivalent, therefore, to a short appoggiatura, but in Baroque music interpreted differently and more strictly.) Written as a note lighter in appearance, typically a quaver (eighth note), with an oblique stroke through the stem.