appoggiatura[ə päj′ə to̵or′ə]
Music a rhythmically strong dissonant grace note used melodically and resolving to a principal harmonic tone, usually by a single scale step
Origin of appoggiaturaItalian ; from appoggiare, to rest, lean ; from Vulgar Latin appodiare, to support ; from Classical Latin ad-, to + an unverified form podiare, to support ; from podium, podium
An embellishing note, usually one step above or below the note it precedes and indicated by a small note or special sign.
Origin of appoggiaturaItalian, from appoggiato, past participle of appoggiare, to lean on, from Vulgar Latin *appodiāre : Latin ad-, ad- + Latin podium, support (from Greek podion, base, from pous, pod-, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots).
appoggiatura (left) connected by a slur to a G note (right)
- A type of musical ornament, falling on the beat, which often creates a suspension and subtracts for itself half the time value of the principal note which follows.
- "The following Adagietto was like a long, melting appoggiatura composed of smaller dying falls and languid resolutions." — New York Times, March 2, 1992
Borrowed from Italian appoggiatura, derived from appoggiare (“to lean”).