Zemstvo definition

zĕmstvō, zyĕmstvə
An elective council responsible for the local administration of a provincial district in czarist Russia.
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A local administrative body in czarist Russia.
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A Russian districtual or provincial conciliary or elective local-governmental administrative division, founded in 1864 by Tsar Alexander the Liberator.
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
zemstvo
Plural:
zemstva, zemstvos

Origin of zemstvo

  • Russian from Old Russian zemĭ land dhghem- in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Russian земство (zémstvo), from земля (zemljá, “land", “country", “state").

    From Wiktionary