Sentence Examples

  • " Villeins," instead of free-holders, formed the most numerous class of the population.
  • It thus formed part of the common farm and was cultivated by the villeins and their oxen under the superintendence of a bailiff.
  • Below the villeins in the social scale came the cottiers possessing smaller holdings, sometimes only a garden, and no oxen.
  • This change led to the gradual disappearance of tenants in villeinage - the villeins and cottiers - and the rise on the one hand of the small independent farmer, on the other of the hired labourer.
  • At the latter date besides seventy-three villeins, bordars and serfs there were forty cervisarii, a species of unfree tenants who rendered their custom in the form of beer.