Origin of targeMiddle English from Old English from Old Norse targa, akin to Old High German zarga, a rim, frame from Indo-European base an unverified form dergh-, to grip from source Classical Greek drakhm?: see drachma
Origin of targeMiddle English from Old French; see target .
- (archaic) A small shield.
From Middle English targe, from Old English targa (masculine) and targe (feminine), both from Old Norse targa (“round shield") from Proto-Germanic *targÇ (“edge"), from Proto-Indo-European *dArg'h- (“fenced lot"). Akin to Old High German zarga (“side wall, rim") (German Zarge (“border, frame")). Reinforced in Middle English by Old French targe (French targe), from the same Germanic source.