(uncountable) The process of treating something to kill or inactivate microorganisms.
Heat sterilization is used during canning so the food can be safely stored for long periods.
(uncountable) A procedure to permanently prevent an organism from reproducing.
Spaying a cat is a form of sterilization to limit the population growth.
(countable) An instance of a sterilization procedure.
The vet performed several sterilizations this week.
(uncountable) A monetary policy operation used to offset a foreign exchange intervention.
The Federal Reserve is responsible for foreign exchange sterilization.
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