Sterilization meaning

stĕrə-lĭ-zāshən
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The procedure of destroying all microorganisms in or on a given environment, such as a surgical instrument, in order to prevent the spread of infection. This is usually done by using heat, radiation, or chemical agents.
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(uncountable) A monetary policy operation used to offset a foreign exchange intervention.

The Federal Reserve is responsible for foreign exchange sterilization.

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(uncountable) The process of treating something to kill or inactivate microorganisms.

Heat sterilization is used during canning so the food can be safely stored for long periods.

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(uncountable) A procedure to permanently prevent an organism from reproducing.

Spaying a cat is a form of sterilization to limit the population growth.

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(countable) An instance of a sterilization procedure.

The vet performed several sterilizations this week.

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Any of various surgical procedures intended to eliminate the capacity to reproduce in humans or animals.
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