The volunteers were then asked to face their specific phobia by either giving a speech in public or coming into contact with a spider.
As its name suggests, a specific phobia is the fear of a particular situation or object, for example, flying on an airplane or going to the dentist.
While experts believe the tendency to develop phobias runs in families and may be hereditary, a specific stressful event usually triggers the development of a specific phobia or agoraphobia.
People who have a specific phobia that is easy to avoid (such as snakes) and that does not interfere with their lives may not need to get help.
A specific phobia is the fear of a particular situation or object, including anything from airplane travel to dentists.