The experiments eventually took place at the Harton pit near South Shields in 1854.
The South Shields inscription, now in the Free Library of the town, was found in the neighbouring Roman camp; it is given in NSI.
One led due north from York past forts at Catterick Bridge, Piers Bridge, Binchester, Lanchester, Ebchester to the wall and to Scotland, while branches through Chester-le-Street reached the Tyne Bridge (Pons Aelius) at Newcastle and the Tyne mouth at South Shields.
Sea-going vessels can navigate up to Blaydon, and collieries and large manufacturing towns line the banks - Newburn, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Wallsend and North Shields on the Northumberland side; Gateshead, Jarrow and South Shields on the Durham side, with many lesser centres, forming continuous lines of factories and shipbuilding yards.
Railways.-The first ordinary roads deserving the name of highways were made about 1660, and canal-building began in 1 Newcastle, North Shields, South Shields.