- Memory problems.
- High blood pressure or other cardiovascular disease.
- Weight gain.
- Death or injury from vehicle accidents.
Obstructive sleep apnea happens when there is a blockage of your airway. This is usually the soft tissue in the back of your throat collapsing and closing. The tongue may also play a part, as it relaxes and falls back into the throat.
In central sleep apnea, the brain fails to send a signal that tells the muscles to breathe.
Mixed apnea is a combination of the two.
As the oxygen levels in the body fall, the person wakes up as he gasps for air.
He may make a choking or snorting sound. In severe cases, this can happen up to 30 times an hour.
- If you have a heart disorder like congestive heart failure, then you are at high risk for sleep apnea.
- Strokes or brain tumors can also affect the brain’s ability to properly regulate breathing.
- Opioids, like morphine or codeine, increase your risk.
- Being at a higher altitude, such as 15,000 feet or higher may also cause sleep apnea. High altitude sleep apnea will no longer be a problem once you return to a lower altitude.