Origin of slav
- Middle English Sclave from Medieval Latin Sclāvus from Late Greek Sklabos alteration of Old Slavic Slověninŭ
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- Commonly thought to derive from Proto-Slavic *slovo (“word"), thus meaning "those who speak meaningfully" and contrasting with *nÄ›mÑŒcÑŒ (“foreigner", literally “dumb/mute person"). However, that word is an s-stem and thus the inflectional stem of that word is *sloves-, so it cannot be the direct origin as it would lead to an expected form *slovesÄ›ni (compare Russian ÑÐ»Ð¾Ð²ÐµÑÐ½Ð¾ÑÑ‚ÑŒ (slovesnost')). Thus the most likely origin is the verb *sluti (“to be known"). Both words ultimately derive from Proto-Indo-European *á¸±lew- (“fame").
- Middle English sclave, from Medieval Latin sclavus or Sclavus, from Byzantine Greek Î£ÎºÎ»Î¬Î²Î¿Ï‚ (SklÃ¡bos), from earlier Î£ÎºÎ»Î±Î²á¿†Î½Î¿Ï‚ (SklabÄ“nos), plural Î£ÎºÎ»Î±Î²á¿†Î½Î¿Î¹ (SklabÄ“noi), from Proto-Slavic *slovÄ›nji, *slovÄ›ne (“those who speak meaningfully"), singular *slovÄ›ninÑŠ. Compare Old Church Slavonic ÑÐ»Ð¾Ð²Ñ£Ð½Ð¸ (slovÄ›ni), ÑÐ»Ð¾Ð²Ñ£Ð½Ñ” (slovÄ›ne, “Thessalonian Slavs"), Old East Slavic ÑÐ»Ð¾Ð²Ñ£Ð½Ðµ (slovÄ›ne, “Slavs near Novgorod").