Satem meaning

sätəm
The definition of satem is being of a group of particular Indo-European languages.

An example of something satem is the Armenian language.

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Designating those Indo-European languages, including the Indo-Iranian, Armenian, and Balto-Slavic branches, in which original palatal velar stops became fricatives (as k' > s or š ) and labiovelar stops became plain velars (as kw > k ).
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Designating or of the group of Indo-European languages, including Indo-Iranian, Slavic, Baltic, Albanian, and Armenian, in which a prehistoric change of certain original stops into sibilants sets these languages apart from those of the centum group.
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Alternative spelling of satem.
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Origin of satem

  • Avestan satəm hundred (a word whose initial sound illustrates the change) dekm̥ in Indo-European roots

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition