Rood meaning

ro͝od
A cross as used in crucifixion; specif., the cross on which Jesus was crucified.
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A measure of land equal to14 acre, or 40 square rods (0.10 hectare).
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Any cross representing this; crucifix, esp. a large one at the entrance to the chancel or choir of a medieval church, often supported on a rood beam or rood screen.
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(archaic) A crucifix, cross.
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A measure of length that varies from 512 to 8 yards (5.0 to 7.3 meters).
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A measure of land area, equal to a quarter of an acre.
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Origin of rood

  • Middle English from Old English rōd
    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
  • From Middle English rood, from Old English rōd (“a rod, pole, rood (land measure), plot of land of a square rod, a cross, rood (as in Holy-rood), gallows, a cross on which a person is executed, death on a cross, crucifix"), from Proto-Germanic *rōdō, *rōdōn (“rod, pole"), from Proto-Indo-European *rōt-, *rāt- (“bar, beam, stem"). Cognate with German Rute (“rod, cane, pole"), Norwegian roda (“rod"). Largely displaced by cross. More at rod.
    From Wiktionary