Familiarly known as “Rio.”
A city of southeast Brazil on Guanabara Bay, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean. The city's name, Portuguese for “River of January,” reflects the fact that the first European explorers to visit the bay, in January 1502, believed it was the mouth of a river. The city, founded in 1565, was the capital of Brazil from 1763 until 1960, when the government was transferred to Brasília.x
- State in southeastern Brazil.
- Capital of Rio de Janeiro state and former capital of Brazil.
From Portuguese Rio de Janeiro - "river of January".