If the upper portion of the esophagus is short and a long gap exists between upper and lower portions, reconstructive surgery cannot be performed, and the infant must receive nutrition in some way to allow several months of growth.
If you don't already have a dentist, the San Francisco Dental Society provides a listing of member dentists who specialize in prosthodontics, the specialty of implant, aesthetic and reconstructive dentistry.
Most children born with either or both of these conditions undergo reconstructive surgery while they are still infants to correct the defect and significantly improve facial appearance.
Nassif, a Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon and Rhinoplasty Specialist in Beverly Hills, California, believes she could have had Botox.
The reconstructive work necessary after the ravages of the war was enormous.