In 551 it was taken by Totila, but reconquered after his death by Narses for the Byzantine Empire.
reconquered it in 1173.
The country was overrun by the Goths in the 4th and 5th centuries, but reconquered by Justinian in 535.
Spain reconquered the duchies in the war of succession (1745); they were recovered by Austria in 1746; and Maria Theresa again surrendered them to Don Philip, infante of Spain, in 1748.
p. 401) until 1187, when Saladin reconquered it, and rebuilt the walls.