The country into which he came was dominated by three principalities, that of Ambhi (Gr.
A Conglomeration of Independent Principalities.
Among the principalities of that northern region the first place was long held by Novgorod.
In 1814 he was appointed administrator of the Orange principalities; and, when the prince of Orange became king of the Netherlands, Baron Gagern became his prime minister.
A city occupying approximately the same site had been the capital of one of the principalities into which China was divided some centuries before the Christian era; and during the reigns of the two Tatar dynasties that immediately preceded the Mongols in northern China, viz.