The origin of Presbyterianism is a question of historical interest.
See also Reformation; Presbyterianism; Cameronians.
PRESBYTERIANISM, a highly organized form of church government in which presbyters or elders occupy a prominent place.
As one of the three principal systems of ecclesiastical polity known to the Christian Church, Presbyterianism occupies an intermediate position between episcopacy and congregationalism.
In episcopacy the supreme authority is a diocesan bishop; in congregationalism it is the members of the congregation assembled in church meeting; in Presbyterianism it is a church council composed of representative presbyters.