Perestroika Definition

The policy of restructuring and reforming the economic, political, and social systems of the U.S.S.R. promoted by Mikhail Gorbachev beginning in the mid 1980s.
Webster's New World
Administrative management of the Soviet Empire was dictated by decades-old regulations and outdated methods.
Soviet military forces were scattered throughout the world in attempts to maintain communism—but all the while, communist dictatorships were being overthrown across Europe and Asia.
In 1989 an election was held to decide the Congress of People’s Deputies—the first time citizens in the Soviet Union ever got to elect their country’s administrative officials.
Gorbachev began withdrawing forces from Afghanistan, and allowed for the freedom of religion and freedom of speech.

Origin of Perestroika

  • Russian perestroĭka pere- around, again (from Old Russian per1 in Indo-European roots) stroĭka construction (from stroit’ to build) (from Old Russian stroiti) (from strojĭ order ster-2 in Indo-European roots)

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From Russian перестройка (perestrójka, “restructuring")

    From Wiktionary

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