Pentose meaning

pĕntōs, -tōz
Any of a class of monosaccharides having five carbon atoms per molecule and including ribose and several other sugars.
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Any of a group of monosaccharides, C5H10O5, including ribose and arabinose.
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Any of a class of monosaccharides having five carbon atoms per molecule and including ribose and several other sugars.
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Any of a class of simple sugars (monosaccharides) having five carbon atoms per molecule. Ribose and deoxyribose are pentoses.
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(biochemistry) A sugar or saccharide containing five carbon atoms.

Ribose, found in RNA, is a common pentose.

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Origin of pentose

  • penta- (“five") +"Ž -ose (“sugar")

    From Wiktionary