An intermittent war between Athens and Sparta (431-404 b.c.), ending in victory for Sparta.
Peloponnesian-war Sentence Examples
An Athenian general in the Peloponnesian War.
Before the end of the Peloponnesian War the festival-money (theoricon) was abolished.
At the end of the Peloponnesian War Athens was deprived of Delos along with her other possessions, but she appears to have regained control of the island after the victory of Cnidus (394)ï¿½ An inscription of 390 B.C. proves that at this date Athenian authority had been restored.
In this so-called first Peloponnesian War Sparta herself took but a small share beyond helping to inflict a defeat on the Athenians at Tanagra in 457 B.C. After this battle they concluded a truce, which gave the Athenians an opportunity of taking their revenge on the Boeotians at the battle of Oenophyta, of annexing to their empire Boeotia, Phocis and Locris, and of subjugating Aegina.
A fresh struggle, the great Peloponnesian War (q.v.), broke out in 431 B.C. This may be to a certain extent regarded as a contest between Ionian and Dorian; it may with greater truth be called a struggle between the democratic and oligarchic principles of government; but at bottom its cause was neither racial nor constitutional, but economic.