There is a theatre, an orphanage and a municipal library.
Other buildings are the orphanage, the hospital, a house of correction for women and a music hall.
The Germans have an orphanage with 300 Armenian children, a carpet factory and a medical station.
There is an Anglican convent of the Sisters of St Lawrence, with orphanage and school.
There are a large American Mission with schools, orphanage and a resident doctor, a French (Dominican) Mission with schools, and also a branch of the archbishop of Canterbury's Mission to the Nestorian Christians who live in the mountains to the south.