Any structural arrangement used in the models and formulas of molecules and consisting of a chain of atoms that does not form a closed geometric figure; specif., a straight or branched chain.
Open-chain Sentence Examples
Here we meet with a great diversity of types: oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur and other elements may, in addition to carbon, combine together in a great number of arrangements to form cyclic nuclei, which exhibit characters closely resembling open-chain compounds in so far as they yield substitution derivatives, and behave as compound radicals.
If we accept Kekule's formula for the benzene nucleus, then we may expect the double linkages to be opened up partially, either by oxidation or reduction, with the formation of di-, tetra-, or hexa-hydro derivatives, or entirely, with the production of open chain compounds.
Generally rupture occurs at more than one point; and rarely are the six carbon atoms of the complex regained as an open chain.
These compounds retain their aliphatic nature, and are best classified with open-chain compounds, into which, in general, they are readily converted.
Systems which are generally unsaturated compounds, often of considerable stability, and behave as nuclei; these compounds constitute a well-individualized class exhibiting closer affinities to benzenoid substances than to the open-chain series.