The trouble was soon complicated by the conflict with the mother country.
Sugar-works were established, and considerable quantities of the produce exported to the mother country.
Never in the history of colonization has a mother country pursued so relentlessly a policy more selfish and short-sighted.
Important efforts were made to attract French colonists to the country, the colonization of Algeria appearing as a means towards the extinction of pauperism in the mother-country.
He was among the first distinctively American writers, and protested vigorously against intellectual thraldom to the mother-country.