Any of a class of thiol compounds analogous to the alcohols, characterized by the substitution of sulfur for oxygen in the OH radical and by strong, unpleasant odors; hydrosulfide.
(chemistry) Any of a class of organic compounds of sulphur, (R1.S.R2); they tend to be foul-smelling. When R2 is a hydrogen atom, they are termed thiols or thioalcohols.
Origin of mercaptan
German from Danish from Medieval Latin (corpus) mercurium captāns(a substance) seizing mercurymercuriumaccusative ofmercuriusmercurymercury Latin captānspresent participle ofcaptārefrequentative ofcapereto seizecapture
American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
From GermanMercaptan, coined from Latinmer(curius) (“mercury”) captan(s) (“capturing”).
Mercaptan Sentence Examples
Ethyl mercaptan, C 2 H 5 .SH, is a colourless liquid which boils at 36.2° C. It is used commercially in the preparation of sulphonal.
Then we made a stab at industrial-scale production of ethyl mercaptan.
Ethyl mercaptan, C 2 H 5 .SH, is a colourless liquid which boils at 36.2Ã‚° C. It is used commercially in the preparation of sulphonal.