The Bambara themselves are perhaps only a distinct branch of the original Mandingo stock.
Ghana was finally conquered by the Mandingo kings of Melle in the 13th century.
The Mandingo, the Fula and the Susu are Mahommedans, though the Susu retain many of their ancient rites and beliefs - those associated with spirit worship and fetish, still the religion of the Baga and other tribes.
Such are the Mandingo, the Songhai, the Fula, Hausa, Kanuri, Bagirmi, Kanembu, and the peoples of Wadai and Darfur; the few aborigines who persist, on the southern fringe of the Chad basin, are imperfectly known.
Futa Jallon is peopled principally by Fula, and the rest of the country by Malinke and other tribes of Mandingo.