- A type of tumulus or barrow characteristic of a culture located on the steppes of southern Russia about 5000 BC and later spreading to the Danube, northern Europe, and northern Iran from around 3500 BC.
- Kurgan a. The culture that produced these tumuli or barrows.b. A member of the people or peoples sharing this culture. The earliest Kurgans are considered by some to be speakers of Proto-Indo-European.
Origin of kurganRussian fortified place, grave mound from Old Turkic kurghan fortified place