A type of tumulus or barrow characteristic of a culture located on the steppes of southern Russia about 5000 bc and later spreading to the Danube, northern Europe, and northern Iran from around 3500 bc .
City in Siberia, Russia, administrative centre of Kurgan oblast. Originally called Tsaryovo Gorodishche (Царёво Городище - Tsarjóvo Gorodíšče n) (1662 - 1782).
Origin of kurgan
Russian fortified place, grave moundfrom Old Turkic kurghanfortified place
American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
From Russianкурган (kurgan), from a Turkic language (compare Turkish kurgan (“fortress”)).
From Russian курган, from Turkic (compare Turkish kurgan ‘fortress’).
Kurgan Sentence Examples
Tyumen (29,651) in West Siberia, head of Siberian navigation; Barnaul (29,850), capital of the Altai region; Krasnoyarsk (33337) and Tobolsk (21,401), both mere administrative centres; Biysk (17,206), centre of the Altai trade; Khabarovsk (15,082), administrative centre of the Amur region; Chita (11,480), the capital of Transbaikalia; Nikolsk (22,000); Irbit (20,064); Kolyvan (11,703), the centre of the trade of southern Tomsk; Yeniseisk (11,539), the centre of the gold-mining region of the same name; Kurgan (10, 579), a growing town in Tobolsk; and Minusinsk (10,255), in the southern part of .the Yeniseisk province, trading with north-west Mongolia.
Thence the line was continued across the prairies to Kurgan and Omsk, and from there it followed the great Siberian highway to Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk, and on round Lake Baikal to Chita and Stryetensk on the Shilka.
Allying himself both in cause and by family connexion with Kurgan, the dethroner and destroyer of Kazan, chief of the western Jagatai, he was deputed to invade Khorasan at the head of a thousand horse.
After the murder of Kurgan the contentions which arose among the many claimants to sovereign power were arrested by the invasion of Toghluk Timur of Kashgar, a descendant of Jenghiz.