A prosperous landed peasant in czarist Russia, characterized by the Communists during the October Revolution as an exploiter.
Any of a class of well-to-do peasant farmers in Russia who opposed the Soviet collectivization of the land.
Origin of kulak
- Russian fist, kulak probably of Turkic origin
From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition
- 1877. From Russian кула́к (kulák, “wealthy peasant; fist; tight-fisted person”), plural кулаки́ (kulakí). Compare also Russian раскула́чивание (raskuláčivanije, “dekulakization”), подкула́чник (podkuláčnik, “subkulak”).