Kulak meaning

ko͝o-lăk, ko͝olăk, -läk
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A prosperous landed peasant in czarist Russia, characterized by the Communists during the October Revolution as an exploiter.
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Any of a class of well-to-do peasant farmers in Russia who opposed the Soviet collectivization of the land.
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(historical) A prosperous peasant in the Russian Empire or the Soviet Union, who owned land and could hire workers.
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Origin of kulak

  • Russian fist, kulak probably of Turkic origin

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • 1877. From Russian кула́к (kulák, “wealthy peasant; fist; tight-fisted person”), plural кулаки́ (kulakí). Compare also Russian раскула́чивание (raskuláčivanije, “dekulakization”), подкула́чник (podkuláčnik, “subkulak”).

    From Wiktionary