A city of eastern India and the capital of West Bengal, on the Hooghly River in the Ganges delta. Founded c. 1690 as a British East India Company trading post, it was the capital of British India from 1772-1912. The chief port and major industrial center of eastern India, Calcutta is one of the country's largest cities.x
- The state capital of West Bengal (India), formerly known as Calcutta.
From the city's Bengali name, কলকাতা.
- It was believed that he was the founder of Calcutta or Kolkata, but in 2003 the Kolkata High Court in a landmark Judgement based upon the findings of an high level Expert Committee dismissed Charnock's name as the founder of the City and City's birthday on 24th of august 1690.