A peninsula of northwest Croatia, southwest Slovenia, and northeast Italy projecting into the northeast Adriatic Sea. The original Istrian inhabitants were conquered by the Romans in the second century bc . Istria was subsequently occupied by Venice, Austria, and Italy. All but the area surrounding Trieste was awarded to Yugoslavia in 1947 and in 1991 was split between Croatia and Slovenia.
Peninsula in W Slovenia & Croatia, projecting into the N Adriatic, formerly including part of the area around Trieste.
From LatinHistria, from the ethnicon of the Illyrian tribe of the Histri who inhabited the region.
Cold dry winds, often of great violence, occur in the Rhone valley (the Mistral), in Istria, and Dalmatia (the Bora), and in the western Caucasus.
Venice, Istria, the Dalmatian coast and South Italy were assigned to the East, while Rome, Ravenna and the Pentapolis were included in the Western realm.
The tenth region included Venetia from the Padus and Adriatic to the Alps, to which was annexed the neighboring peninsula of Istria, and to the west the territory of the Cenomani, a Gaulish tribe, extending from the Athesis to the Addua, which had previously been regarded as a part of Gallia Cisalpina.
Venice with its mainland End of the territories east of the Adige, inclusive of Istria and Dalmatia, went to the Habsburgs, while the Venetian isles of the Adriatic (the lonian Isles) and the Venetian fleet went to strengthen France for that eastern expedition on which Bonaparte had already set his heart.
After Austerlitz (December 2, 1805) Austria made peace by the treaty of Pressburg, ceding to the kingdom of Italy her part of Venetia along with the provinces of Istria and Dalmatia.