Iran meaning

ĭ-răn, ĭ-rän, ī-răn
Iranian.
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A country of southwest Asia. Inhabited since c. 2000 bc by Iranian peoples, the region later became the core of the Persian Empire. After being conquered by Alexander the Great and ruled by the Parthian Arsacid dynasty, Persia was reestablished under the Sassanian dynasty ( ad 224–651) and, after invasions by Arabs (7th century), Turks (10th century), and Mongols (13th century), was reestablished again under the Safavid dynasty (1502–1736). The country, renamed Iran in 1935, was ruled by the Pahlavi dynasty from 1925 until the ouster of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1979) in a revolution led by the Ayatollah Khomeini, who established an Islamic republic. Tehran is the capital and the largest city.
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Country in SW Asia, between the Caspian Sea & the Persian Gulf: formerly an empire, it became an Islamic republic in 1979: 636,296 sq mi (1,648,000 sq km); cap. Tehran.
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Plateau extending from the Tigris River to the Indus River, mostly in Iran & Afghanistan.
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A country in the Middle East known as Persia until 1935. Its capital is Tehran. Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran.
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Origin of iran

  • (ērān) came to refer to the lands in which Iranians lived during the late 3rd to early 4th centuries. Prior to that time it signified people/culture (i.e. the Iranian nation), rather than geography. The antonymic (anērān) (whence انیران (Aniran)), originally meaning "non-Iranian", underwent a parallel development.

    From Wiktionary

  • From Middle Persian (ērān), from Proto-Iranian *aryānām (“of the Aryans”), genitive plural of *arya- (as in Old Persian (ariya-), Avestan (airiia-), Ossetic ир (ir, “Ossetian”)). Compare Parthian (aryān) and Sanskrit आर्य (ārya).

    From Wiktionary