country in Central America, with coastlines on the Pacific & the Caribbean: 43,278 sq mi (112,090 sq km); cap. Tegucigalpa
A country of northern Central America. Originally inhabited by a Mayan civilization, Honduras was colonized by the Spanish in the early 1500s and gained its independence along with Mexico in 1821. Part of a short-lived confederation of Central American states, Honduras became a separate republic in 1838. Tegucigalpa is the capital and the largest city.x
Spanish honduras ("depths", referring to the deep waters off the northern coast)
- Districts, as well as the greater part of the Sierra Alta, are destitute of large trees; but the coast-lands on both sides towards Tabasco and British Honduras enjoy a sufficient rainfall to support forests containing the mahogany tree, several valuable cabinet woods, vanilla, logwood and other dye-woods.
- There is a large trade with Honduras also.
- Carolina and Honduras rices were practically the only varieties until after 1896.
- The " Ule " rubber of Central America and British Honduras originates from Castilloa elastica.
- In British Honduras an alkaline decoction prepared from the Moon plant (Calonictyon speciosum) is used for the same purpose.