- plural form of helot
The definition of helots were Greek slaves in ancient Sparta.
An example of helots were serfs who were slaves and owned by the state of Sparta in ancient Greece.
- (For the Helots in Laconia, see Helots.) Rome.
- Intermediate between Helots and Spartiates were the two classes of Neodamodes and Mothones.
- Even in the case of the Helots of Sparta, although their condition was very hard and they were made to perform services to any Spartiate who might require them to do so, features of a similar tributary condition are apparent.
- Wealth was, in theory at least, derived entirely from landed property, and consisted in the annual return made by the helots (q.v.) who cultivated the plots of ground allotted to the Spartiates.
- Moreover, Sparta's attention was at this time fully occupied by troubles nearer home - the plots of Pausanias not only with the Persian king but with the Laconian helots; the revolt of Tegea (c. 473-71), rendered all the more formidable by the participation of Argos; the earthquake which in 464 devastated Sparta; and the rising of the Messenian helots, which immediately followed.