Arabic ḥakīmwise, wise manfromḥakamato judge, decideḥkm in Semitic roots
99 6 (386 A.H.) Hakim Biamrillahi (i.e.
Ali among Shiite Mahommedans; the Bab in Babism; the Druse Hakim).
The fanaticism of the caliph Hakim destroyed the church of the Sepulchre and ended the Frankish protectorate (Ioio); and the patronage of the Holy Places, a source of strife between the Greek and the Latin Churches as late as the beginning of the Crimean War, passed to the Byzantine empire in 1021.
In the r3th century a portion of Hakim's addition was pulled down to make way for the first cathedral, which was dedicated to the Virgin.
The province is divided into a number of administrative sub-provinces or districts, each with a hakim, governor or sub-governor, under the governor-general, who under the Kajar dynasty has always been the heir-apparent to the throne of Persia, assisted by a responsible minister appointed by the shah.