In 1581 it was erected into a duchy in the peerage of France (duche-pairie) for Albert de Gondi, marshal of France and general of the galleys.
Of these last the chief dialects are Gondi, Oraon or Kurukh, Kandhi and Kanarese, of which Gondi is by far the most important.
The chief languages of Berar are Marathi, Urdu, Gondi, Banjari, Hindi, Marwari, Telugu, Korku and Gujarati.
JEAN FRANCOIS PAUL DE GONDI RETZ, CARDINAL DE (1614-1679), French churchman and agitator, was born at Montmirail in 1614.
Chantelauze, who had already published studies on the connexion of St Vincent de Paul with the Gondi family, &c. (1882).