Glycoside meaning

glīkə-sīd
Frequency:
Any of a group of organic compounds, occurring abundantly in plants, that yield a sugar and one or more nonsugar substances on hydrolysis.
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Any of a group of sugar derivatives, widely distributed in plants, which on hydrolysis yield a sugar and one or more other substances.
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Any of a group of organic compounds, occurring abundantly in plants, that yield a sugar and one or more nonsugar substances on hydrolysis.
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Any of various organic compounds formed from a simple sugar (monosaccharide) by replacing the hydrogen atom of one of its hydroxyl groups (OH) with the bond to another biologically active molecule. Glycosides occur abundantly in plants, especially as pigments, and are used in medicines, dyes, and cleansing agents.
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(organic chemistry, biochemistry) A molecule in which a sugar group (the glycone) is bound to a non-sugar group (the corresponding aglycone) by a nitrogen or oxygen atom. Glycosides yield a sugar after undergoing hydrolysis.
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Origin of glycoside

  • glycose a monosaccharide (variant of glucose) –ide

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • From glyco- (“a sugar”), + -ide (similar to glucoside), 1925–1930.

    From Wiktionary