river in N India & Bangladesh, flowing from the Himalayas into the Bay of Bengal: c. 1,560 mi (2,511 km)
A river of northern India and Bangladesh rising in the Himalaya Mountains and flowing about 2,510 km (1,560 mi) generally eastward through a vast plain to the Bay of Bengal. The river is sacred to Hindus.
From Ancient Greek Γάγγης (Gangēs), from Sanskrit गङ्गा (gáṅgā, literally “swift-goer”), from verbal root √gam (“to go”).
- Three fine rivers flow through the district - the Ganges, Kusi and Ghagri.
- The Ganges runs a course of 60 m.
- The great plain extends, with an almost unbroken surface, from the most western to the most eastern extremity of British India, and is composed of deposits so finely comminuted, that it is no exaggeration to say that it is possible to go from the Bay of Bengal up the Ganges, through the Punjab, and down the Indus again to the sea, over a distance of 2000 m.
- The most important channel of the Ganges for commerce is the Hugli, on which stands Calcutta, about 90 m.
- Among them are the Meghna, the Ganges or Padma, the Lakshmia, a branch of the Brahmaputra, the Jamuna, or main stream of the Brahmaputra, the Mendi-Khali, a large branch of the Meghna, the Dhaleswari, an offshoot of the Jamuna, the Ghazi-khali and the Buriganga.