Fullerene definition

fo͝olə-rēn
Frequency:
An allotrope of carbon composed of any of various cagelike molecules that consist only of an even number of carbon atoms, are often spherical in shape, and are composed of hexagonal and pentagonal groups of atoms.
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Any of a class of hollow, tube-shaped or ball-shaped molecules, consisting of 32 or more carbon atoms and having extraordinary strength and stability.
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Any of various carbon molecules that are nearly spherical in shape, are composed of hexagonal, pentagonal, or heptagonal groups of atoms, and constitute the third form of pure carbon after diamond and graphite.
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(inorganic chemistry) Any of a class of allotropes of carbon having hollow molecules whose atoms lie at the vertices of a polyhedron having 12 pentagonal and 2 or more hexagonal faces.
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(organic chemistry) Any closed-cage compound having twenty or more carbon atoms consisting entirely of 3-coordinate carbon atoms.
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(chemistry, by extension)Th e class of carbon allotropes consisting of tubular carbon molecules (carbon nanotubes) and spheroidal carbon molecules (traditional fullerenes)
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Other Word Forms

Noun

Singular:
fullerene
Plural:
fullerenes

Origin of fullerene

  • After Richard Buckminster Fuller (from the resemblance of their configurations to his geodesic domes) –ene

    From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition

  • from Richard Buckminster Fuller, inventor of the geodesic dome

    From Wiktionary