Finnochia Definition

Ante 1763, Philip Miller, The Gardeners Kalendar (unknown ed.), excerpted in the Univerſal Muſeum⁽¹⁺³⁾ and the Univerſal Magazine,⁽²⁾ selected in The Beauties of all the Magazines ſelected for the Year 1763 (T. Waller), ed. George Alexander Stevens, volume 2, pages 126,⁽¹⁾ 221,⁽²⁾ and 266⁽³⁾
⁽¹⁾ Sow the ſeeds of finnochia in drills made about a foot aſunder, thinly ſcattered over about half an inch thick.
⁽²⁾ Sow finnochia in drills about eighteen inches or two feet aſunder, to ſucceed that ſown laſt month; draw the earth up to the plants almoſt full grown, to blanch them.
⁽³⁾ Thin the finnochia plants, ſown the former month, allowing them room enough to grow: the plants which are taken out ſhould not be tranſplanted, for they rarely are good for any thing.
1763, A New and Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (2nd ed.), volume 2, page 1,240, “Finnochia”
FINNOCHIA, sweet-fennel, in botany, a ſpecies of fennel, cultivated in gardens as a ſallad-herb, and as ſuch much liked by ſome.
1771, Thomas Hitt [aut.] and James Meader [contrib., ed.], The Modern Gardener; or, Univerſal Kalendar, page 209
Sow finnochia in drills about twenty inches aſunder. A light rich and moiſt ſpot is neceſſary at this ſeaſon, otherwiſe the plants will run to ſeed.
1780, Samuel Cooke, The Complete Engliſh Gardener (J. Cooke), page 24
In ſome warm place ſow young ſallads, likewiſe rape, ſorrel, finnochia and ſpinach.
1847, John Craig, A New Universal Etymological and Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language, Embracing All the Terms Used in Art, Science and Literature, “Finnochia”
Finnochia, a variety of fennel.

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