Finnochia meaning

Ante 1763, Philip Miller, The Gardeners Kalendar (unknown ed.), excerpted in the Univerſal Muſeum⁽¹⁺³⁾ and the Univerſal Magazine,⁽²⁾ selected in The Beauties of all the Magazines ſelected for the Year 1763 (T. Waller), ed. George Alexander Stevens, volume 2, pages 126,⁽¹⁾ 221,⁽²⁾ and 266⁽³⁾

⁽¹⁾ Sow the ſeeds of finnochia in drills made about a foot aſunder, thinly ſcattered over about half an inch thick.

⁽²⁾ Sow finnochia in drills about eighteen inches or two feet aſunder, to ſucceed that ſown laſt month; draw the earth up to the plants almoſt full grown, to blanch them.

⁽³⁾ Thin the finnochia plants, ſown the former month, allowing them room enough to grow: the plants which are taken out ſhould not be tranſplanted, for they rarely are good for any thing.

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1763, A New and Complete Dictionary of Arts and Sciences (2nd ed.), volume 2, page 1,240, “Finnochia”

FINNOCHIA, sweet-fennel, in botany, a ſpecies of fennel, cultivated in gardens as a ſallad-herb, and as ſuch much liked by ſome.

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1771, Thomas Hitt [aut.] and James Meader [contrib., ed.], The Modern Gardener; or, Univerſal Kalendar, page 209

Sow finnochia in drills about twenty inches aſunder. A light rich and moiſt ſpot is neceſſary at this ſeaſon, otherwiſe the plants will run to ſeed.

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1780, Samuel Cooke, The Complete Engliſh Gardener (J. Cooke), page 24

In ſome warm place ſow young ſallads, likewiſe rape, ſorrel, finnochia and ſpinach.

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1847, John Craig, A New Universal Etymological and Pronouncing Dictionary of the English Language, Embracing All the Terms Used in Art, Science and Literature, “Finnochia”

Finnochia, a variety of fennel.

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1913, John Weathers, Commercial Gardening (Gresham publishing company), volume 4, page 193

The Florence or Finnochia Fennel (F. dulce) is an Italian annual of dwarf compact growth, not exceeding 2½ ft. high.

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